As reported, the US secretary of state, John Kerry, says the partial Syria ceasefire agreed at talks in Munich ‘will apply to any and all parties in Syria with the exception of the terrorist organisations Daesh and al-Nusra’. However, the Syrian Centre for Policy Research (SCPR) on Syria conflict finds that in all, 11.5% of the country’s population have been killed or injured since the crisis erupted in March 2011. The number of wounded is put at 1.9 million. Life expectancy has dropped from 70 in 2010 to 55.4 in 2015. Posts on Syria’s war are available on Pakistan Horizon here, here, here, here and here.
Overall economic losses are estimated at $255bn (£175bn). Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and US Secretary of State John Kerry spoke about ”working together” and ”progress made”.
What has been agreed? Read full BBC report
To try to immediately step up aid deliveries to besieged and hard-to-reach areas in Syria.
For a US/Russia-led task force to work to achieve a “cessation of hostilities” across Syria beginning in one week’s time.
“Cessation of hostilities” will exclude action against so-called Islamic State group, jihadist group al-Nusra Front and other UN-designated terrorist groups.
To work towards an eventual ceasefire and implementation of a UN-backed plan for political transition in Syria.
Mr Kerry made the announcement alongside his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov and the UN special envoy for Syria, Staffan de Mistura.
Mr Lavrov said there were “reasons to hope we have done a great job today”. An earlier proposal from Russia envisaged a truce starting on 1 March.
At the news conference Mr Kerry again suggested that Russian strikes were targeting what the West sees as moderate opposition forces, rather than terrorists, as Moscow says.
British Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond said the cessation would only work if Russia halted its raids, although Mr Lavrov said they would continue.