Category Archives: Gender

Honour Killings

This is a great article from the Telegraph entitled My family were chasing me. We knew they wouldn’t stop. This is their law’: Inside Pakistan’s hidden world of honour killings The rest of the article can be extracted as follows: The moment Rukhsana Bibi woke up, she knew her father had come to kill her. On a hot summer’s night in Pakistan, the newlyweds had pushed their bed out into the courtyard to sleep. But it was a noise from inside the ramshackle house that caused her, just sixteen, in love and pregnant, to wake with a start. “I shouted ‘Younis Younis. Wake up! Men are inside our home’,” she remembered. “Younis woke up and tried to grab one of them. But two people held him, while another shot two bullets at me. They both hit me in my chest. Younis was resisting, so they shot him too, in the arms, legs and chest. They shot him 11 times.” Four months earlier, Rukhsana had defied her family by eloping with her teenage love. An imam’s daughter and a top student who dreamed becoming a doctor, Rukshana had waited until the day of her Continue reading

One-Third of the World’s Women in Prison are Locked Up in America

From Identities.Mic: As you can see, it’s not even close. Citing data from the International Center for Prison Studies, Niall McCarthy of Statista visualizes how the United States housed nearly one-third of the globe’s incarcerated women in 2013. It’s a huge problem the American public has only begun to recognize.

The context: Recently, discussions around the rise of mass incarceration have focused largely on men, most notably, black men. Illustrating this is how 1 in 10 black American males is in prison on a given day, while black men remain nearly six times as likely to be imprisoned in their lifetime than their white peers. Continue reading

Remedies for Forced Marriage in Pakistan

As explained by the British FMU, forced marriage is when you face physical pressure to marry (eg threats, physical violence or sexual violence) or emotional and psychological pressure (eg if you’re made to feel like you’re bringing shame on your family). The debate on this touchy subject continues unabated and Pakistan is no different in that regard. According to the FMU, in 2013 it handled cases involving 74 different countries, including Pakistan (42.7%, the highest number), India (10.9%), Bangladesh (9.8%), Afghanistan (2.8%), Somalia (2.5%), Iraq (1.5%), Nigeria (1.1%), Saudi Arabia (1.1%), Yemen (1%), Iran (0.8%), Tunisia (0.8%), The Gambia (0.7%), Egypt (0.6%) and Morocco (0.4%). The origin was unknown in 5.4% of cases. An excellent lawyers’ handbook for Pakistan which provides detailed legal analysis and guidance is available below:

Lone Women and Ostracism in Pakistan

SM (lone women – ostracism) (CG) [2016] UKUT 67 (IAC) is a decision of the British Upper Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber) and the findings made can be summarised as: (1) Save as herein set out, the existing country guidance in SN and HM (Divorced women – risk on return) Pakistan CG [2004] UKIAT 00283 and in KA and Others (domestic violence – risk on return) Pakistan CG [2010] UKUT 216 (IAC) remains valid. (2) Where a risk of persecution or serious harm exists in her home area for a single woman or a female head of household, there may be an internal relocation option to one of Pakistan’s larger cities, depending on the family, social and educational situation of the woman in question. (3) It will not be normally be unduly harsh to expect a single woman or female head of household to relocate internally within Pakistan if she can access support from family members or a male guardian in the place of relocation. (4) It will not normally be unduly harsh for educated, better off, or older women to seek internal relocation to a city. It helps if a woman has qualifications enabling her to get well-paid employment and pay for Continue reading

Lesbians in India

AR and NH (Lesbians) India [2016] UKUT 66 (IAC) is a decision of the British Upper Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber) and the findings made can be summarised as: (1) The guidance in MD (same-sex oriented males) India CG [2014] UKUT 65 (IAC) stands. The guidance at (a) – (f) in MD (India) applies equally to lesbians. (2) A risk of persecution or serious harm for a lesbian woman in India, where it exists, arises from her family members, and the extent of such risk, and whether it extends beyond the home area, is a question of fact in each case. (3) The risk of persecution or serious harm is higher for uneducated lower class lesbian women in rural areas, who remain under the control of their family members and may not be permitted to leave the home to continue meeting their lesbian partners. (4) Where family members are hostile to a lesbian woman’s sexuality, they may reject her completely and sometimes formally renounce her as a member of that family. In such a case, whether relocation to a city is unduly harsh will be a question of fact, depending on the ability of such a lesbian woman to survive economically away from her family and social networks. (5) If a lesbian woman’s family Continue reading

Seven Ages of Hillary Clinton

Seven ages of Hillary Clinton, an excellent article by Gary Younge and Sabrina Siddiqui of the Guardian, can be extracted as follows. As she once again finds herself battling an outsider’s insurgency, the Democratic frontrunner hopes her long experience in public life is an asset, not a liability.  At a town hall meeting this week, the first question posed to Hillary Clinton was from a first-time caucus-goer called Taylor Gipple. Hillary Clinton defends popularity among young voters at Iowa forum. “It feels like there are a lot of young people like myself who are very passionate supporters of Bernie Sanders,” he said. “And, I just don’t see the same enthusiasm from younger people for you. In fact, I’ve heard from quite a few people my age that they think you’re dishonest, but I’d like to hear from you on why you feel the enthusiasm isn’t there.” Clinton’s response sounded like a mix of Edith Piaf and Sir Elton John: Je Ne Regrette Rien blended with I’m Still Standing; stern resolve with a touch of telegraphed theatricality. “Look, I’ve been around a long time,” she told him. “They throw all this stuff at me and I’m still standing. But if you’re new to politics, if it’s the first time you really paid attention, you go ‘oh my gosh, look at all of this’.

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Benazir Bhutto: A Multidimensional Portrait

Authored by Anna Suvorova, the present book is devoted to the life and work of Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto (1953-2007). In the late twentieth century, female leaders came to power in a number of states with predominant Muslim populations (Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Turkey). This destroyed the gender stereotype of traditional Muslim society and promoted its modernization and democratization. This book makes an all-around study of this phenomenon of international politics, which has deep historical and cultural roots. Bhutto became the first female head of government in a Muslim state. She has been recognized the world over as a fearless fighter against dictatorship and extremism and a staunch supporter of peaceful dialogue between Islam and the West. Continue reading